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thomas dot harding at laposte dot net
9 years ago
Parsing command line: optimization is evil!

One thing all contributors on this page forgotten is that you can suround an argv with single or double quotes. So the join coupled together with the preg_match_all will always break that :)

Here is a proposal:

#!/usr/bin/php
<?php
print_r
(arguments($argv));

function
arguments ( $args )
{
 
array_shift( $args );
 
$endofoptions = false;

 
$ret = array
    (
   
'commands' => array(),
   
'options' => array(),
   
'flags'    => array(),
   
'arguments' => array(),
    );

  while (
$arg = array_shift($args) )
  {

   
// if we have reached end of options,
    //we cast all remaining argvs as arguments
   
if ($endofoptions)
    {
     
$ret['arguments'][] = $arg;
      continue;
    }

   
// Is it a command? (prefixed with --)
   
if ( substr( $arg, 0, 2 ) === '--' )
    {

     
// is it the end of options flag?
     
if (!isset ($arg[3]))
      {
       
$endofoptions = true;; // end of options;
       
continue;
      }

     
$value = "";
     
$com   = substr( $arg, 2 );

     
// is it the syntax '--option=argument'?
     
if (strpos($com,'='))
        list(
$com,$value) = split("=",$com,2);

     
// is the option not followed by another option but by arguments
     
elseif (strpos($args[0],'-') !== 0)
      {
        while (
strpos($args[0],'-') !== 0)
         
$value .= array_shift($args).' ';
       
$value = rtrim($value,' ');
      }

     
$ret['options'][$com] = !empty($value) ? $value : true;
      continue;

    }

   
// Is it a flag or a serial of flags? (prefixed with -)
   
if ( substr( $arg, 0, 1 ) === '-' )
    {
      for (
$i = 1; isset($arg[$i]) ; $i++)
       
$ret['flags'][] = $arg[$i];
      continue;
    }

   
// finally, it is not option, nor flag, nor argument
   
$ret['commands'][] = $arg;
    continue;
  }

  if (!
count($ret['options']) && !count($ret['flags']))
  {
   
$ret['arguments'] = array_merge($ret['commands'], $ret['arguments']);
   
$ret['commands'] = array();
  }
return
$ret;
}

exit (
0)

/* vim: set expandtab tabstop=2 shiftwidth=2: */
?>

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